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Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks. Simonides

Gregorio Sciltian

Gregorio Sciltian, the Russian-born painter best known for his surrealistic still lifes and portraits, died at his home Monday at the age of 84.

Mr. Sciltian`s death came four days after that of fellow Russian Marc Chagall at St.-Paul-de-Vence in the south of France. Mr. Sciltian`s funeral will be Wednesday in the Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere near his home.

Born of Armenian parents Aug. 20, 1900, in Rostov on the Don River, Mr. Sciltian abandoned his classical studies while still in his teens to become a painter.

Leaving the Soviet Union in 1919, he lived in Vienna, Berlin, Paris, Milan and Venice before settling in Rome on a street named for Italian master Raphael in a labyrinth-like apartment overlooking the Tiber River.

Mr. Sciltian`s main influences were the futurists and cubists of his youth, the Italian Caravaggio and the Flemish painters Van Eyck and Brueghel.


Gregorio Sciltian nasce a Rostov (Russia) nel 1900, ma lascia prestissimo il suo paese (1919), spaventato dalla Rivoluzione d'Ottobre. Inizia nel frattempo a dipingere; le prime opere dell’artista sono d’impronta cubista. Stabilitosi in Italia nel 1923, espone la prima volta alla Galleria Bragaglia, presentato da Roberto Longhi. Alla Biennale del ’26 è ammiratissimo il dipinto Biondo corsaro. Si susseguono le affermazioni durante un lungo soggiorno parigino durato dal ’27 al ’37. Il Museo Reale di Bruxelles acquista Marinette, Torna in Italia nel ’32; nel ’47 fonda, con Annigoni, Antonio Bueno e pochi altri, il movimento “Pittori moderni della realtà” e da allora non tradisce il suo credo estetico, riassunto nel Trattato sulla pittura edito da Hoepli. Come scrittore pubblica con Rizzoli Mia avventura. Sciltian, che ha anche eseguito scenografie per la Scala di Milano e ha trattato il tema sacro, è famosissimo per i ritratti e le composizioni trompe-l’oeil: una esplorazione interiore ed esterna così avanzata, col sussidio di un mestiere eccellente, da suscitare sgomento nell’osservatore.


Pyke Koch

Pyke Koch

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Pieter Frans Christiaan Koch (July 15, 1901 – October 27, 1991) was a Dutch artist who painted in a magic realist style.

He was born in Beek. He exhibited in the 25th Venice Biennale in 1950. His work was shown in a retrospective exhibition at the Gemeentemuseum, Arnhem in 1966, and in a solo exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam in 1972. He died in Wassenaar in 1991.


François Barraud

François-Emile Barraud

François Barraud (14 November 1899 – 11 September 1934) was a Swiss painter.

Barraud was the eldest of four brothers who all painted or sculpted at various points in their lives.[The brothers, François, Aimé, Aurèle and Charles, were largely self-taught artists having been raised as professional plasterers and house painters. Barraud attended evening classes at the local art school in 1911 together with his brothers. In 1919, he exhibited his paintings in La Chaux-de-Fonds and participated in the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in Basel. Encouraged by the success of the exhibitions he left Switzerland in 1922, and moved to Reims in France where he worked as a house painter for two years.He married Marie, a French woman, in 1924. Marie subsequently featured as a model in several of his paintings. Around 1924 or 1925, Barraud found work in Paris as an artist and craftsman. While living in Paris he studied painting at the Louvre.

François Barraud painted mainly still lifes, female nudes and portraits, including several double portraits of himself and his wife, Marie.His precise, realist style of painting developed under the influence of the old Flemish and French masters he had studied at the Louvre.

Barraud suffered periods of illness throughout his life and died of tuberculosis in Geneva, in 1934, at the age of 34.


Jared French

Jared French (1905-1988) was a painter who specialized in the ancient medium of egg tempera. He was one of the masters of magic realism, part of a circle of friends and colleagues who all painted surreal imagery in egg tempera. Others included George Tooker and Paul Cadmus.

French received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Amherst College in 1925. He met and befriended Cadmus in New York City, became his lover, and persuaded Cadmus to give up commercial art for "serious painting". In 1937 French married Margaret Hoening, another artist. For the next eight years Cadmus and the Frenches summered on Fire Island and formed a photographic collective called PAJAMA ("Paul, Jared, and Margaret"). French painted numerous murals for the WPA.

French's early paintings are eerie, colorful tableaux of still, silent figures derived from Archaic Greek statues. His later work shows "a kind of classical biomorphism," strange, colorful, suggestive organic forms.

Jungian psychology was probably an important influence upon the dream-like imagery in the paintings of French's maturity. The highly stylized, archaic-looking figures in his paintings suggest that they are representative of the ancestral memory of all mankind, what Carl Jung called "the collective unconscious". French himself was never explicit about the sources of his imagery, although on a stylistic level, the influence of early Italian Renaissance paintings by such masters as Mantegna and Piero della Francesca is evident, as it is also in the work of both Tooker and Cadmus. On the level of content, he made only one, short, public statement regarding his intentions:

My work has long been concerned with the representation of diverse aspects of man and his universe. At first it was mainly concerned with his physical aspect and his physical universe. Gradually I began to represent aspects of his psyche, until in The Sea (1946) and Evasion (1947), I showed quite clearly my interest in man's inner reality.



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